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BBC (Trailer) – Looting the Pacific As aggressive, unregulated fishing continues in   the South Pacific, the BBC World News broadcasts this International   Consortium of Investigative Journalists‘ investigation which revealed that   greed, mismanagement and lack of regulation have devastated the fishery — it   went from 30 million metric tons to 3 million in just two decades. VIDEO:   (5:07)

Overfishing and more: SEA THE TRUTH — In 2048   The Oceans Will Be Empty! Sea the Truth is based on numerous scientific   publications that examine the problems of seas and oceans. VIDEO (1:00:15)
‘Free-for-all’ decimates fish stocks in the   southern Pacific Jack mackerel, down 90 percent in 20 years in   once-rich southern seas, foretells wider global calamity. From 2006 through   2011 alone, scientists estimate, jack mackerel stocks declined by 63 percent.   The world’s largest trawlers, after depleting other oceans, now head south   toward the edge of Antarctica to compete for what is left. An eight-country   investigation by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists of   the fishing industry in the southern Pacific shows why the plight of the   humble jack mackerel foretells progressive collapse of fish stocks in all   oceans. ARTICLE:
http://www.iwatchnews.org/2012/01/25/7900/free-all-decimates-fish-stocks-southern-pacific
TED Talk – Daniel Pauly Daniel Pauly, the eminent University of British   Columbia oceanographer, sees jack mackerel in the southern Pacific as an   alarming indicator.
We transform the world, but we don’t remember it. We adjust our baseline to   the new level, and we don’t recall what was there.” (Daniel Pauly).
“This is the last of the buffaloes,” he told ICIJ. “When they’re gone,   everything will be gone … This is the closing of the frontier.”
The ocean has degraded within our lifetimes, as shown in the decreasing   average size of fish. Daniel Pauly is the principal investigator at the Sea   Around Us Project, which studies the impact of the world’s fisheries on   marine ecosystems. He shows that each time the baseline drops, we call it the   new “normal.” At what point do we stop readjusting downward?
The software he’s helped develop is used around the world to model and track   the ocean.
VIDEO: (09:02)

TED Talk – Sylvia Earle Legendary ocean researcher Sylvia Earle shares astonishing   images of the ocean — and shocking stats about its rapid decline — as she   makes her TED Prize wish: that we will join her in protecting the vital blue   heart of the planet. VIDEO:   (18:16)http://www.ted.com/talks/sylvia_earle_s_ted_prize_wish_to_protect_our_oceans.html

TED Talk- Jeremy Jackson: How we wrecked the   ocean The surface area of the World’s seabed that has   been so ravaged by mass-catch techniques that the damaged area is equivalent   in size to the area of all the forest trees that have EVER been chopped down   throughout all of the world for all of HUMAN HISTORY.
In this bracing talk, coral reef ecologist Jeremy Jackson lays out the shocking   state of the ocean today: overfished, overheated, polluted, with indicators   that things will get much worse. Astonishing photos and stats make the case.
VIDEO:   (18:19)
TED Talk- Barton Seaver, Sustainable Seafood Chef Barton Seaver presents a modern dilemma:   Seafood is one of our healthier protein options, but overfishing is   desperately harming our oceans. He suggests a simple way to keep fish on the   dinner table that includes every mom’s favorite adage — “Eat your   vegetables!”
Barton Seaver is an advocate of sustainable seafood and a chef in Washington   DC. His work tells the story of our common resources through the communion we   all share – dinner.
VIDEO: (09:26)
http://www.ted.com/talks/lang/en/barton_seaver_sustainable_seafood_let_s_get_smart.html
TED Talk – Brian Skerry, Photographer Photographer Brian Skerry shoots life above and   below the waves — as he puts it, both the horror and the magic of the ocean.   Sharing amazing, intimate shots of undersea creatures, he shows how powerful   images can help make change.Brian Skerry is a photojournalist who captures   images that not only celebrate the mystery and beauty of the sea but also   bring attention to the pressing issue which endanger our oceans. VIDEO: (16:13)
Ending Overfishing Currently there are over 7 billion people living   on 30% the earth’s surface and all of them depend on the remaining 70%, the   ocean, which is the largest source of food in the world.
Fish is the main daily source of protein for 1.2 billion people. But   fishermen and more and more returning home with empty nets due to   overfishing.
 VIDEO:   (04:20)
Somalis say fishing by foreign trawlers drove  them to piracy.  Depletion of fish stocks   caused by trawlers and supertrawlers led the starving fishermen to find an   alternative source of revenue. “Ever since a civil war brought down   Somalia’s last functional government in 1991, the country’s 3,330 km (2,000   miles) of coastline — the longest in continental Africa — has been pillaged   by foreign vessels. A UN report in 2006 said that, in the absence of the   country’s at one time serviceable coastguard, Somali waters have become the  site of an international “free for all,” with fishing fleets from   around the world illegally plundering Somali stocks and freezing out the   country’s own rudimentarily-equipped fishermen. According to   another U.N. report, an estimated $300 million worth of seafood is stolen   from the country’s coastline each year. “In any context,” says   Gustavo Carvalho, a London-based researcher with Global Witness, an environmental   NGO, “that is a staggering sum.” ARTICLE:
http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1892376,00.html
Somalis say fishing by foreign trawlers drove   them to piracy.  Depletion of fish   stocks caused by trawlers and supertrawlers led the starving fishermen to   find an alternative source of revenue. “Now   the international community is shouting about piracy. But long before this,   we were shouting to the world about our problems” “No one listened”. In   1991, the government and its security forces were swallowed up in a coup. The   country’s endless coastline – at nearly 2,000 miles, it’s longer than the   U.S. West Coast – suddenly became an unguarded supermarket of tuna, mackerel   and other fish.When   huge foreign (super) trawlers suddenly began appearing, the local fishermen   who plied their trade with simple nets and small fiberglass boats were wiped out.”They fished everything – sharks, lobsters, eggs,” …”They collided with   our boats. They came with giant nets and swept everything out of the   sea.” ARTICLE:
http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article22522.htm
How Overfishing Almost Got Capt. Phillips Killed   by Pirates Thousands of Somalis once made their living as fishermen. But Somalia has been without a central government for nearly two  decades—so there’s no active body that’s able to effectively protect the country’s rights to its coastline, and the once-abundant supply of fish it  held. So now, due to the willingness of foreigners to exploit fisheries off  Somalia’s coast, and the lack of a governing body to stave them off, many of   these fishermen are finding their nets empty. ARTICLE:
http://www.treehugger.com/corporate-responsibility/how-overfishing-almost-got-capt-phillips-killed-by-pirates.html
The origin of Somali Pirates Part 1 “European ships have been looting Somalia’s  seas of their greatest resource: seafood. Having destroyed their own fish   stocks by over-exploitation the EU and now we have moved on to theirs. More   than $300 million worth of tuna, shrimp, lobster and other sea life is being   stolen every year by vast trawlers illegally sailing into Somalia’s   unprotected seas.” VIDEO: (8:29)
The origin of Somali Pirates Part 2 “European ships have been looting Somalia’s   seas of their greatest resource: seafood. Having destroyed their own fish   stocks by over-exploitation the EU and now we have moved on to theirs. More   than $300 million worth of tuna, shrimp, lobster and other sea life is being   stolen every year by vast trawlers illegally sailing into Somalia’s   unprotected seas.” VIDEO: (8:29)
UN envoy decries illegal fishing, waste dumping   off Somalia UNITED NATIONS (AFP) — The UN special envoy for   Somalia on Friday sounded the alarm about rampant illegal fishing and the   dumping of toxic waste off the coast of the lawless African nation. ARTICLE:http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5gVV_gQDsp1m8v7nPcumVc5McYV-Q
Certified Sustainable: A recipe for disaster? Do ‘Eco-Labels’ that describe a product as being   “Sustainable” mean anything? How can we be sure that eco-labelling   is a safe way to judge a fish species’ health? Or does it encourage more   consumption of a product that is already severely depleted? ARTICLE:
http://blueplanetsociety.blogspot.com.au/2009/10/certified-sustainable-recipe-for.html
Seafloor carnage.
There are three commercial fishing methods which stick out as especially   damaging – bottom-trawling, purse-seining and long-lining.
Bottom-trawling, the ocean equivalent of   clear-felling. VIDEO: (3:00)
The EU exports its overfishing to Africa.The EU taxpayer actually supports the Trawlers and Super Trawlers plundering foreign waters in the form of subsidies. In European waters, 90% of species are overfished or on the verge of being overfished. Rather than resolve the problem of their overfishing, the EU instead plundered West African waters.I fear that with the arrival of the FV Magiris Supertrawler, that Australia will begin to suffer the same fate. VIDEO: (2:49)
The world’s ocean has reached crisis point At the current rate of industrial scale carnage   to the ocean it is estimated by about 2050 that 71% of earth will be a   biological desert. It is estimated the result will mean a few billion   jellyfish. Time to act is now. Not just so that seafood is   ‘sustainable’…there must be RECOVERY. ARTICLE:http://blueplanetsociety.blogspot.com.au/2011/09/worlds-ocean-has-reached-crisis-point.html
NASA Landsat Data show trawler mudtrails FROM   SPACE Among marine fishery catch methods, trawling is   considered especially unsustainable. Trawling disturbs (and often destroys)   the natural sea floor ecosystem; additionally, surviving benthic organisms   can be smothered as the suspended sediments of the trawler mudtrails   resettle. ARTICLE:http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/blogs/earthmatters/2013/10/24/best-of-the-archives-mudtrails-from-fishing-trawlers/

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Mark Eather

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